183 posts categorized "Legal Project Management"

March 04, 2015

Tip of the month: Improve the questions you ask when you start an engagement

When I interviewed chairs and managing partners of AmLaw 200 firms for my book Client Value and Law Firm Profitability, they said that the single most important factor in LPM success was defining scope.  The simplest way to improve is by asking the right questions before an engagement begins, such as:

  • How do you define success or “a win”?
  • What business problem do you want to solve?
  • Are there strict budget limits?
  • What deadlines matter the most to you?

The first Wednesday of every month is devoted to a short and simple tip to help lawyers increase efficiency, provide greater value to their clients and/or develop new business. More information about this tip appears in the third edition of my Legal Project Management Quick Reference Guide.

February 25, 2015

LPM at Stinson Leonard Street – A course on defining scope and much more (Part 2 of 3)

By Jim Hassett and Jonathan Groner

After Matt Wahlquist, the director of practice management at Stinson Leonard Street,observed the course “How to Define Legal Scope and Negotiate Changes,” he noted that:

The course was extremely practical. We have had conceptual training before from other companies, but our lawyers are always looking for something they can use on a day-to-day basis, and that is exactly what this workshop provided. Some people put their lessons into practice that very day. After all, if we can decrease our write-offs as a result of improved upfront conversations on scope, those results flow through directly to the bottom line. A proactive five-minute conversation with a client can pay for itself very quickly from a return-on-investment perspective.

Co-managing Partner Lowell Stortz said that before the course was offered:

I was somewhat skeptical of the results, because we chose people for the workshop who already had some interest in and/or knack for scoping. It’s always easy to show progress when you start with someone who’s at zero; it’s much harder to show progress when you start with people who are already pretty good at something. At the suggestion of the course leader, three weeks after the course I sent an email to this group of accomplished, busy, successful lawyers and asked them to respond as to how they’d used it, if at all. Virtually all of them responded (and in a law firm environment that alone is amazing) with good insights.

One participant reported to Stortz that:

I have one client that I thought just wasn’t interested in LPM or scoping. But as a result of the workshop, I reached out to the client and engaged them in a conversation and it turned out that there really was a place for this. The training led me to give it a shot, not only from my side, but also inviting the client to think about it. This yielded some benefits right away.

Another participant, Scott Hecht, is an insurance litigation partner at the firm and head of the insurance department. He explained that at any given time he is responsible for managing dozens of matters pending for a particular client, although a group of other attorneys do the bulk of the work. He took the class because he wanted:

To enhance my ability to manage those matters, communicate effectively with the client, and maximize efficiencies in billing and other areas.

Each of these matters is a litigation matter or an administrative investigation. They are all somewhat similar in scope on the surface. The variation is based on the number and nature of opposing parties, counsel, witnesses, and documents in each case. What I took away from the scope course is the need to have a constant sense of the client’s expectations in each matter and the way in which external factors sometimes only known by our defense attorneys handling the matters can still substantially affect the scope of each matter. It’s a question of getting and keeping your ducks in a row for each of dozens of similar matters.

In this client organization, there are 30 or more people who are my points of contact; they all have different personalities, levels of experience, and expectations, and I need to be very responsive to all of them. I expect LPM techniques to translate to a better experience for my client contacts, which differentiates our law firm from others.

Course participant Paul Hoffmann, a bankruptcy partner, pointed out that the office of the U.S. Bankruptcy Trustee, which supervises bankruptcy matters nationwide, recently set forth a rule change that requires advance budgeting in all larger bankruptcy cases. Therefore, bankruptcy lawyers have a legal obligation in many of their cases to develop budgets in advance.

I took the course because I wanted to improve my ability to estimate fees and to draft engagement letters. This will help to reach agreement in advance with clients on nontraditional billing matters and also help clients draw up budgets on traditional hourly billing matters.

There are so many ways in which a lawsuit can change as it unfolds. There can be a change in parties, a change in issues, or there can be the need to document a settlement or an appeal.

The course did a very good job of telling us how to explain budgetary changes to clients so as to minimize any client concerns that might arise. And it also did a very good job of showing us how the billing attorney must meet with the entire team to discuss the budget and to discuss any budgetary changes that may arise as time goes on.

Tracey Donesky, still another course participant, represents employers in many types of matters, particularly both federal and state wage and hour suits under the Fair Labor Standards Act and other various employment discrimination claims brought under various state and federal employment laws. According to Donesky, the single most important fact about LPM is that:

Clients want LPM, so law firms will have to use it to increase client satisfaction and better manage their cases. LPM needs to be integrated into every aspect of every case. The course helped solidify in my mind the need for LPM from a client expectations standpoint.

Donesky has recently begun to use LPM techniques on a number of matters, including several for one firm client where she is lead counsel. She seeks to budget for each case 30 days in advance, working with partners, associates, paralegals, and other timekeepers on the file to identify what litigation activities are anticipated for the month ahead and then allocating estimated hours expected to complete such activities. This provides the clients who use LPM an estimated budget, which helps increase predictability and manage expectations in advance. While there is some level of trial and error to the process in these beginning stages, the hope is that over time and as similar cases begin to work through the LPM system and historical data is gathered, the budgeting and estimating process will become more predictable and precise. 

As Donesky summed up the experience to date, “The firm is only going to get better at this process as time goes on and more data is analyzed.” 

Part 3 of this series (coming March 11), will focus on additional efforts in the firm currently underway to improve LPM.

February 18, 2015

LPM at Stinson Leonard Street – A course on defining scope and much more (Part 1 of 3)

By Jim Hassett and Jonathan Groner

Stinson Leonard Street has nearly 500 attorneys in 14 offices, with major operations centered in Minneapolis and Kansas City. It was formed in January 2014 by the merger of two firms that had previously made independent commitments to legal project management (LPM), including educational presentations by several leading consultants, hiring LPM staff, developing a task code system to track the cost of work, and more.

When he became one of two co-managing partners of the newly combined firm, one of Lowell Stortz’s top priorities was to accelerate this progress:

LPM is a great tool to provide more value and predictability to clients. From the time I started practicing law over 30 years ago there have always been lawyers who were good at this. But we are now devoted to spreading these practices throughout the firm. For example, thinking through how you are going to break a matter into phases, how you are going to charge the client for each phase, and whether an alternative fee arrangement is in order really helps clients to see more clearly the value you can deliver. LPM also encourages us to strategically participate in a little risk sharing now and then, which only makes sense to the client and to us if we’re really transparent about what’s going on.

For example, we had one client that looked at multiple transaction opportunities every year, although not all of them proceeded to a closing. So we agreed to perform due diligence, up to the “go/no go” phase, on a fixed fee basis. We know that we did not recover our rates on the transactions that did not go forward, so there was a clearly identified value to the client when a transaction didn’t proceed. They spent less and had a lawyer’s help in figuring out whether to proceed. From our side, however, we had the opportunity to get a look at every new deal. We feel like we had more deal flow because we were willing to help them on the front end. What does that have to do with project management? We could not have set a reasonable fixed fee unless we properly analyzed our internal data and accurately defined the scope for the project.

The firm’s other co-managing partner, Mark Hinderks, explained the importance of this new area in a similar way:

Project management is just a term for some things that are pretty basic on the wish lists of clients. Clients want to know what something’s likely to cost and how long it will take. Assuming we continue to do good legal work, the better we are at those things, the happier clients will be. Lawyers have notoriously avoided being pinned down on cost and time, due to the potential existence of factors beyond their control. But in other businesses, such as construction, there can be delays or disruptions from matters beyond a contractor’s control, such as material shortages, unanticipated site conditions, poor weather, and more. Yet, professionals in that arena have learned to project time and cost in a reliable way while accounting for risk. Increasingly, we as lawyers need to do the same whenever possible.

A few months ago, when LegalBizDev announced a new half-day workshop entitled “How to Define Legal Scope and Negotiate Changes,” Stinson Leonard Street became the first firm to sign up.

The reason we developed this course was that in interviewing chairs, managing partners, and other leaders of AmLaw 200 firms for the book Client Value and Law Firm Profitability, we had heard over and over that defining scope was the single most important factor in LPM success. As one chair put it:

The critical issue is sitting down with the client at the beginning and deciding what their goals are with the matter. Is it getting it done quickly? Is it getting it done so that nobody ever brings a matter like this again? Is it getting it done in advance of the big merger on the books a year from now? There are all different considerations as to what will lead a client to think this was a successful representation. And the more you push your client to think through what they care most about, the better off both of you are.

And when scope changes as a matter proceeds, as it so often does, lawyers need to know when and how to talk with the client about the best way to proceed, rather than just jumping ahead now and sending a bill later. As a senior executive at another firm we interviewed put it:

We have people who recognize that the scope of a project has changed, but you would think they were 15 years old again and asking a girl to a dance. They never get around to making the phone call.

Defining scope and negotiating changes had always been important parts of our introductory workshop, “How to Increase Client Satisfaction and Profitability with Legal Project Management,” but after analyzing our research results, we decided it also needed a course of its own.

LegalBizDev Principal Gary Richards took on the task of developing a highly interactive workshop built around six hands-on exercises, leading up to an action plan designed to immediately change behavior in each lawyer’s practice.

At the time of the merger that formed Stinson Leonard Street, Matt Wahlquist, the director of practice management at the firm, had been charged with accelerating LPM progress and building LPM principles into lawyers’ day-to-day practice. When he heard about LegalBizDev’s new scope course, Wahlquist thought it was a great example of the “very practical approach” he had been looking for, and he helped arrange the first session, which was held last fall in Kansas City.

Fourteen attorneys actively participated in the workshop and 10 firm leaders sat in as observers. Their presence was living proof of the importance the firm places on LPM.

Both co-managing partners were among the observers because, as Mark Hinderks noted, the concept of “defining expectations clearly right from the start of each matter is critical. Very often, when there is friction between law firms and their clients, it is based on a disconnect between expectations and what actually happens.” This course was designed to minimize that friction by helping to clarify expectations upfront.

The post-workshop evaluations were extremely positive, with one participant calling it the “best presentation by a consultant that I can remember.”

Next week’s post will describe the specific benefits several participants achieved from the course.


February 11, 2015

Business development best practices: Work with others

This is one of a series of occasional posts summarizing the most important best practices from my book the Legal Business Development Quick Reference Guide which is now also available in a Kindle edition.

Business development is difficult, and it helps to work with other people who provide support through the losses, and help you celebrate the wins. One way to do this is to form a business development group. It could be your entire practice group, a formal committee including people from your marketing department, or just two or three lawyers who meet for breakfast once a month.

Keep the agenda simple. At the first meeting, each person should commit to action items for the next meeting. Then at every subsequent meeting, go around the table and have each person report what they accomplished since the last meeting and what they have planned before the next one.

Working with a group provides social support, increases accountability, and leads to steady progress. No one wants to go to a meeting and report that they have failed to follow up on all their action items. The simple fact that you know you have a meeting coming up will help spur you to action.

The results can be summarized in a simple report after each meeting. The fact that a report is being circulated will create a friendly competition and increase compliance. Nobody wants to be the person who has all zeros in their business development report.

The most reliable systems often put a staff person in charge of collecting the data (say, every Monday by noon), and publishing the results every week at the same time (such as Mondays at 5). The report should never be delayed to wait for an individual’s results. This week’s missing data can be filled in next week. And the phrase “missing data” in the report will help to ensure that the information will be supplied, sooner or later. Ideally, the reports should start with a clean slate every few months. Without this fresh start, once people fall behind, they are likely to stay behind and just give up.

But whether you decide to have written reports or not, the biggest challenge here is to simply make sure you keep meeting. Life is sure to intrude with your meeting schedule, and it is easy for these meetings to fade away after a few misses. Therefore, it can be extremely useful to include a non-lawyer (e.g. your marketing person) who takes responsibility for reminding everyone of the next meeting, and do everything possible to maintain a quorum. In a nice way.

For many lawyers, an even better way to proceed is to work with a professional legal business development coach.

On the other hand, working alone may not be as good as working with a coach or a group, but it’s a whole lot better than doing nothing. If you are one of those rare individuals who will continue to follow-up through sheer self-discipline, go for it. The important thing is to find a system that works for you, and to sustain it over the long term.

February 04, 2015

Tip of the month: Be cautious about sharing budgets

When some lawyers begin developing detailed budgets, they get so enthusiastic about their new approach to estimation that they immediately show these drafts to clients.  This can lead to problems.  Some clients immediately start challenging the hourly estimates line by line and use them to negotiate the total price downward.  Others treat this preliminary budget as a fee cap and refuse to pay bills that exceed the initial estimate.

The implication is obvious: Most budgets should be limited to internal circulation for as long as possible. This is especially true for lawyers who are just getting started on detailed budgets and are still learning how to increase their accuracy.   Share budgets voluntarily only after you have developed a track record of accurate predictions, and only when you have a trusting relationship with a particular client.


The first Wednesday of every month is devoted to a short and simple tip to help lawyers increase efficiency, provide greater value to their clients and/or develop new business. This month’s tip was adapted from the third edition of my Legal Project Management Quick Reference Guide.

January 28, 2015

One employment lawyer’s task list for a pre-complaint demand

A guest post by Judith Droz Keyes

Judith Droz Keyes is a labor and employment lawyer and partner at Davis Wright Tremaine who recently completed our Certified Legal Project Manager Program®.  This is the first of two blog posts based on her answers to essay questions from the program.

Legal project managers use the phrase “work breakdown structure” to refer to a kind of task list that organizes a matter into manageable units of work. This type of analysis can lead to consistent assurances of efficient, high quality legal work.

Below is a work breakdown structure for a task we perform for many clients, often under fixed fee arrangements:   handling pre-complaint demand letters through either settlement or mediation (regardless of whether there is a settlement), or our recommendation to the client that there not be a settlement.  (If a complaint is filed, the arrangement ceases and is replaced by a litigation arrangement.)

1.0  Preliminarily Evaluate Complaint

1.1 Investigate employee-complainant

1.1.1    Obtain from client and review personnel records (personnel file, benefits file, department file, payroll records)

1.1.2   Ascertain current employment status

1.1.3   Develop understanding of complainant as a person (age, race, length of employment, positions held, prior employment, “person to be notified in emergency,” Facebook)

1.2  Identify witnesses

1.2.1   Issue discovery hold to those still employed

1.2.2  Identify location and terms of separation of those not still employed

1.3  Investigate opposing counsel

1.3.1    Internet search

1.3.2    Internal resources (email to relevant group)

1.4  Investigate jurisdiction

1.4.1  Where did/does employee work?

1.4.2  What is likely venue of lawsuit?

2.0  Investigate Complaint

2.1  Identify managers/supervisors with first-hand knowledge

2.1.1  Schedule, and interview managers/supervisors (in-person, in a group)

2.1.2  Prepare outline of responses to specific allegations

2.2  Identify human resource personnel, or in-house counsel, with second-hand knowledge

2.2.1   Obtain their files

2.2.2   Interview them by telephone, if necessary

2.2.3   Prepare outline of information responsive to specific allegations

3.0      Contact Opposing Counsel

3.1  Telephone introduction

3.1.1  Schedule face-to-face meeting if practicable, telephone conversation if not practicable

3.1.2  Identify complainant’s settlement needs/demand

4.0    Evaluate Settlement Advice

4.1  Develop settlement recommendation

4.1.1  What it will cost to settle

4.1.2  Advantages and disadvantages to client for agreeing to what it will cost

4.1.3  Analyze settlement value, process

4.2 Prepare email summary of investigation and settlement advice for in-house counsel

4.3  Meet or confer by telephone with in-house counsel and others, as appropriate

5.0  Convey settlement position to opposing counsel

5.1  If mediation is warranted –

5.1.1  Select mediator

5.1.2  Identify who from client should attend mediation to maximize settlement potential

5.1.3  Schedule mediation

5.1.4  Prepare mediation statement

5.1.5  Prepare draft of settlement agreement

5.1.6  Attend mediation

5.1.7  Regardless of whether case settles at mediation, close matter

5.2  If mediation is not warranted –

5.2.1  Convey settlement position to opposing counsel

5.2.2  Negotiate settlement

5.2.3  Regardless of whether case settles, close matter

5.3  If settlement is not warranted –

5.3.1  Advise opposing counsel and close matter

January 21, 2015

Sample Risk Analysis Template for a public M&A matter, advising the target

A guest post by Sverre Tyrhaug

 Background:  Sverre Tyrhaug is the Managing Partner of Thommessen, the largest law firm in Norway.  He is one of five individuals from the firm who are currently completing our Certified Legal Project Manager Program®.  This is the third of three blog posts based on his answers to essay questions from the program.

This analysis uses a form from page 106 of the third edition of our Legal Project Management Quick Reference Guide.  Planning time would be focused on the items that have the highest degree of risk in column 4.


What can go wrong?

A. How likely is it? (1-5)

B. How serious? (1-5)

A x B = Degree of risk


Reduce in advance

Reduce during matter

Insufficient available internal resources at Thommessen




Plan and schedule

Keep people on team informed on progress and schedule

Client does not allocate sufficient resources




Plan and schedule. Inform client about likely input required and when it is required


Multiple bidders on M&A project




Prepare for mulitiple bidders with different timelines.  What should response be if timeline is accelerated or postponed?

Emphasize importance of timeline.

Material adverse event at client




Vendor due diligence.

Keep in close touch with client to address any concerns early on.

Process leaks




Inform on importance of confidentiality. Keep team tight. Prepare “holding/leak statement”

Ensure confidentiality. Be prepared for leak.

No bidder is offering good enough price




Do pre-sounding of the market/ potential bidders prior to launch. Structure the process. Prepare well on management presentations etc.


Diverging views among major shareholders




Seek to vet good support for decision to initiate process


Hostile takeover offer launched




Prepare for responses (available poison pills, white knights etc.).

Keep overview of available options.

January 14, 2015

Sample statement of work for an M&A matter

A guest post by Sverre Tyrhaug

Background:  Sverre Tyrhaug is the Managing Partner of Thommessen, the largest law firm in Norway.  He is one of five individuals from the firm who are currently completing our Certified Legal Project Manager Program®.  This is the second of three blog posts based on his answers to essay questions from the program.

A statement of work should include the goal of the project, the client’s expectations in terms of the outcome and the deliverables.  It is important that the statement of work establishes a clear understanding with the client on what we are to deliver to meet the client’s expectations, deadlines and milestones and our budget or fee estimate (with relevant assumptions). Since our legal advice is often one of several deliveries in a larger project (requiring input from other advisors and also the client’s internal resources), it is also important that the statement of work is clear on who is doing what on an organizational level.

Below is a sample statement of work for a private M&A project.

We understand that the scope of the Engagement is to assist you with your proposed acquisition of 100% of the Norwegian entity TargetCompany Ltd (the “Target”). The Target is located in Norway, with 50 people in one location being Ostfold County and has annual sales of approximately NOK (Norwegian Krone) 100 million.  (Note to US readers: This would be equal to about $13.5 million US$.)  The Target has a subsidiary in Sweden (acquired one year ago) with annual external sales of around NOK 50 million. The parties have reached agreement on price of NOK 150 million.  The parties are targeting signing the Letter of Intent first week of September with completion of the due diligence and final transaction documents in mid November.

Based on the description of the matter set out above and the further clarifications and assumptions set out below, we are willing to offer a fixed fee on this matter in the amount of NOK 1 million (exclusive of VAT, if applicable).

Our assistance will include the following activities:

  • We will assist with reviewing and commenting on the proposed letter of intent for the transaction.
  • We will assist on the legal due diligence of the Target.
    • This assistance will be limited to the corporate documentation of the Norwegian entity and any other documents and agreements governed by Norwegian law.
    • We will provide a legal due diligence report in “red flag” format, describing issues that are deemed as material to the transaction or of relevance to the transaction documents.
  • We will prepare the share purchase agreement (“SPA”) and assist in the negotiation of such agreement. We understand that it has been communicated to the sellers that the SPA needs to include extensive representations and warranties, and that this has been accepted in principle as part of the agreement.  We also understand that you have reached agreement on price.
  • We will assist with the closing of the transaction, being the transfer of the shares in the Target against payment.

The fixed price has been based on the following further assumptions:

  • The negotiations will take place in Oslo, and all transaction documents will be reviewed and revised in no more than three “turns” of drafts.
  • The final transaction documents will be executed by the end of November.
  • The fixed price does not include due diligence beyond two weeks.
  • The fixed price does not include tax or VAT due diligence or tax advice with respect to the transactions. We are, however, happy to extend our assistance to also cover tax and duties at your request.
  • The Target does not have any material or significant legal or regulatory issues that will require extensive additional due diligence or significant changes to the transaction structure.
  • The fixed price does not cover transitional or other post closing agreements, such as revision of employment agreements, redundancy projects, transition/migration of IT services and business date or similar issues.

We generally invoice our clients on a monthly basis. In this matter, under a fixed price, we propose that we split the invoice in three equal payments with invoicing in October, November and December (or at closing if earlier).

The majority of the work will be undertaken by managing associate Mr. Lawyer, with the undersigned as the lawyer responsible for overall supervision and who will also be actively involved in the Engagement. Both core team members have extensive experience within M&A. To the extent we find it necessary, additional lawyers will be assigned to the Engagement.


January 07, 2015

Tip of the month: Hold a lessons learned meeting

Lawyers are increasingly holding meetings at the end of every significant matter to review what worked, what didn’t, and what could be done better the next time.  These discussions are not just a learning opportunity but also a marketing opportunity. A “lessons learned meeting” will enhance your relationship, help you learn more about what an existing client values most, and enable you to provide more value. If a large matter is at a pivotal point, a mid-course review and redirection could be the difference between success and failure.  

The first Wednesday of every month is devoted to a short and simple tip to help lawyers increase efficiency, provide greater value to their clients and/or develop new business. For suggestions to increase the efficiency of “lessons learned meetings,” see the third edition of my Legal Project Management Quick Reference Guide.  

December 31, 2014

One managing partner’s view of three critical issues in LPM

A guest post by Sverre Tyrhaug

Background:  Sverre Tyrhaug is the Managing Partner of Thommessen, the largest law firm in Norway.  He is also one of five individuals from the firm who are currently completing our Certified Legal Project Manager Program®.  This is the first of three blog posts based on his answers to essay questions from the program.

A personal plan to improve time management

What I do well now:

  • Clear picture/vision on what I want to achieve.
  • Using to-do lists (with brain map tool, giving good overview of all tasks)
  • Prioritizing and doing one thing at a time
  • Spending time to plan the week ahead
  • Maintaining “stop doing lists”
  • I often ask myself the questions:
    • What is the most productive thing I can do right now?
    • What is the best use of my time right now?
  • Trying to run efficient meetings with clear agendas
  • Keeping a clean desk and papers and documents  in organized fashion
  • Keeping track of time spent, categorized in 15 categories and evaluating it on a monthly basis.

What I could improve:

  • Limit unnecessary internal meetings
  • Establish routines and business process improvements on repetitive tasks including yearly budgeting, partner performance meetings, strategic review, and salary/bonus assessment
  • Limit interruptions (emails, drop-in visitors)
  • Block out time in calendar for my own project work
  • Ask questions and challenge the way I work:
    • What is the value added from this task?
    • Is there an easier way to do this?
    • What three to five things can I accomplish today/this week/this month that will make a big difference to the bottom line?
  • Delegate better and more
  • Learn to say no.

Thirteen ways to improve team performance

  1. Communicate: inform and listen
  2. Allocate enough time to team building.
  3. Involve the team early. Present them with the scoping of the matter and the draft work breakdown structure for brainstorming, buy in, commitment, assignment of tasks, and assignment of individuals responsible for each task. Communicate clearly on client goals and scope.
  4. Communicate “ground rules” for the team early in the process, including respect for each other, productive use of time in meetings, active listening, focus on solutions, and being prepared for meetings.
  5. Have regular efficient team meetings with clear objectives, an agenda in advance, the right people attending (small to get things done, large to build relationships or brainstorm). Provide minutes with decisions reached and follow up actions.
  6. Update the work breakdown structure and the planned schedule.
  7. Watch out for scope creep. Remind the team about the project scope and goals.
  8. Find out what motivates the team (deadline, challenge/difficulties, bonus)?
  9. Motivate team members, along the way and at the end. Make each member of the team aware of the importance of their contribution to the team.
  10. Act as a good example.  Be positive and provide feedback. Be available to discuss problems.
  11. Let people be responsible.  Hold them responsible for the result, but do not micro-manage. Be demanding in terms of performance, but provide clear goals and be supportive. Treat the team members as “winners” and part of our unique firm.
  12. Involve the team members in decisions. Listen to their views, show that you appreciate their input.
  13. Evaluate, gather feedback and take actions based on the feedback.

How to improve delegation

Delegation is an important part of the business model for a successful law firm. We need to delegate to manage profitability, we need to delegate to train our associates, we need to delegate to keep our associates happy in terms of understanding that they are valued and involved, and we need to delegate to free up time to do business development and other firm building work.

To improve delegation: 

  • Delegate early in the project. Think delegation immediately. Do not wait!
  • Think carefully, from the client’s perspective, on what tasks should be delegated. Delegation is not always efficient, but all or most of our projects have activities that should be delegated.
  • Discuss with the client why parts of the project are delegated, and explain why it is in the client’s interest.
  • Be a good coach when delegating.  Be clear on expectations (e.g. deadlines and  feedback) and priorities vs. other projects. Be available to help. Put the activity that is delegated in context. Why is the task important for the project (and what is the project?). Upon a new assignment, provide clear goals and objectives (WHAT).  Spend little time on HOW, but ask for their input on how they propose to perform the task (do not dictate how to perform the work in detail), and spend time on WHY (give the task meaning).
  • Learn from your experience when delegating. If you are not happy with the result or get a lot of questions from the associate on how to perform the work, think about whether you could be clearer on expectations etc. when delegating.
  • Try to delegate entire projects or work-activities as that generally helps the associates’ motivation, commitment and sense of responsibility for the end result.
  • If you lack confidence or delegate to new associates, start with delegating smaller tasks and provide structure and guidance.
  • Think carefully about the skills required and who to delegate to. Also think about the workload of the people and avoid delegating to someone who is already busy if there are other resources available.
  • Evaluate completed assignments and provide feedback. This is an extremely important point, as it is an investment in the associate that will provide the associate the tools and learning to perform even better on the next task delegated.